Under construction. Feel free to share your suggestions!


EP16 上下: Up and Down / On and Off

EP16 上下: Up and Down / On and Off

Say “On & Off” in Chinese, and how to use them as verbs;

How to use “的”、 “在” and “和”

Interesting “上”and “下”in Chinese

Part I Chinese 101

Dialogue:

A:我的书和书包在哪里?

wǒ de shū hé shū bāo zài nǎ lǐ ?

Where is my book and schoolbag?

B:书在桌上,书包在桌下。

shū zài zhuō shàng ,shū bāo zài zhuō xià 。

The book is on the desk, the bag is under the desk.

Words & Expressions:

【的】de:of

Grammar: How to use“的”

(1) Someone’s XXX

My book我的书

Your pen你的笔

His girlfriend他的女朋友

(2) adj. + 的 + n.

Pretty girl美丽的女孩

Interesting book 有趣的书

【书】shū: book

【包】bāo: bag

【桌】zhuō: desk

【和】hé: and

我和你 you and me

【哪里】nǎ lǐ: where

【在】zài:at, stay; exist; in process of

* Under or above something: 在(zai)+ XX+上/下

On the desk: 在桌上;Under the chair: 在椅子下

在路上on the way

在脚下under the feet

*“在”as “in the process of”, doing somthing: 

“在”+ V sentence

你在做什么: what are you doing

Sleeping在睡觉;Working在工作;Studying在学习

【上】shàng: up, go, upon; previous; superior; preceding

【下】xià: off, down, under; next;

*Express Directions: above and below

Up, above, on: 上面; 上方

down, under, below: 下面: 下方

* Using as verbs: go and off

上车: get on the car;下车: get off the car

上班go to work;下班off from work

上学: go to school;下课: finish the class

Part II Language Tips

  •  “上”and “下”:Antonym in Chinese

  • Interesting expressions related to “上”

  • When “上下” relates to work

Part III Story of The Day


EP16 上下: Up and Down / On and Off

上行下效

shàng xíng xià xiào

As those above do, so do those below

As the old cock crows, so doth the young. Chinese idiom 上行下效 – "as those above do, so do those below" – describes the great influence brought on by higher authorities. 上, refers to people in higher positions, or with great influence, 行 means do something, 下, refers to common people here, or the subjects of the higher authorities, and 效 means imitate.

Literal meaning: As those above do, so do those below

Eg.

父母在家庭教育中非常重要,要时刻注意自己的言行, 因为孩子会学习父母。上行下效,好的坏的都会一起学。

fù mǔ zài jiā tíng jiāo yù zhōng fēi cháng zhòng yào ,yào shí kè zhù yì zì jǐ de yán xíng ,,yīn wéi hái zǐ huì xué xí fù mǔ 。shàng xíng xià xiào,hǎo de huài de dōu huì yī qǐ xué 。

Parents are important in to the education of their children and should pay attention to their own behaviors, because kids tend to learn from them. As those above do, so do those below, no matter if the habits are good or bad, kids will take them all from their parents.

Please Log In or Sign Up to Comment