EP16 上下: Up and Down / On and Off
Say “On & Off” in Chinese, and how to use them as verbs;
How to use “的”、 “在” and “和”
Interesting “上”and “下”in Chinese
Part I Chinese 101
wǒ de shū hé shū bāo zài nǎ lǐ ?
Where is my book and schoolbag?
shū zài zhuō shàng ,shū bāo zài zhuō xià 。
The book is on the desk, the bag is under the desk.
Words & Expressions:
Grammar: How to use“的”
(1) Someone’s XXX
(2) adj. + 的 + n.
Interesting book 有趣的书
我和你 you and me
【哪里】nǎ lǐ: where
【在】zài:at, stay; exist; in process of
* Under or above something: 在(zai)+ XX+上/下
On the desk: 在桌上;Under the chair: 在椅子下
在路上on the way
在脚下under the feet
*“在”as “in the process of”, doing somthing:
“在”+ V sentence
你在做什么: what are you doing
【上】shàng: up, go, upon; previous; superior; preceding
【下】xià: off, down, under; next;
*Express Directions: above and below
Up, above, on: 上面; 上方
down, under, below: 下面: 下方
* Using as verbs: go and off
上车: get on the car;下车: get off the car
上班go to work;下班off from work
上学: go to school;下课: finish the class
Part II Language Tips
“上”and “下”:Antonym in Chinese
Interesting expressions related to “上”
When “上下” relates to work
Part III Story of The Day
shàng xíng xià xiào
As those above do, so do those below
As the old cock crows, so doth the young. Chinese idiom 上行下效 – "as those above do, so do those below" – describes the great influence brought on by higher authorities. 上, refers to people in higher positions, or with great influence, 行 means do something, 下, refers to common people here, or the subjects of the higher authorities, and 效 means imitate.
Literal meaning: As those above do, so do those below
fù mǔ zài jiā tíng jiāo yù zhōng fēi cháng zhòng yào ,yào shí kè zhù yì zì jǐ de yán xíng ,,yīn wéi hái zǐ huì xué xí fù mǔ 。shàng xíng xià xiào,hǎo de huài de dōu huì yī qǐ xué 。
Parents are important in to the education of their children and should pay attention to their own behaviors, because kids tend to learn from them. As those above do, so do those below, no matter if the habits are good or bad, kids will take them all from their parents.