EP17 前后左右Directions: Before/After/Left/Right
Use Chinese to express different directions;
How Chinese directions relate to times
Part I Chinese 101
jīn tiān zǎo shàng dì tiě hěn jǐ ,wǒ de qián hòu zuǒ yòu dōu shì rén 。
The subway was crowded this morning, there were people all around me.
Words & Expressions:
【地铁】dì tiě: the subway; railway
我坐地铁上班。. I go to work by subway.
【早上】zǎo shàng: morning
早上好 Good morning!
*Compare with“上午”, “早上”is “early in the morning”
E.g 早上六点 6 in the morning.
上午十点 10 in the morning
【挤】jǐ: squeeze, press, crowd
【前】qián: before, ahead, ago, front, former
【后】hòu: after, behind, back, later
* Express Directions:
前面: up, above, on
后面: down, under
左边: the left side
右边: the right side
【都】dōu: both, all
我们都是学生。. We’re all students.
我们都喜欢这本书。. We all like this book.
【人】rén: human beings, people
Part II Language Tips
How “上”and “下”relate to weeks/months/times
How “前”and “后”relate to days and years
Part III Story of The Day
hòu lái jū shàng
The latecomers surpass the old-timers
Chinese people used the phrase 后来居上 to indicate that successors can surpass predecessors. And there is an interesting historical story behind the phrase.
Literal meaning: the latecomers surpass the old-timers
Explanation: successors can surpass predecessors
xiǎo lǐ bǐ wǒ wǎn jìn gōng sī ,dàn shì hòu lái jū shàng ,tā xiàn zài shì wǒ de shàng sī
Xiaoli joined our team later than me, but successors can surpass predecessors, he is my superior now.